• us
  • es
  • jp
  • ru
  • fr

You are hereHomeNews › Nagqu

Nagqu


Nagqu lies in the northern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region at longitude 84o55 'E and latitude 29o55 '-36o30 'N. It neighbors Chamdo in the east, Ngari in the west, Lhasa, Nyingchi and Shigatse in the south, and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province in the north. It is embraced by the Tanggula, Nyainqentanglha and Kangdese Mountains, and the snow-capped Dargo Mountain in the west and the Burgyi Mountain in the east, guarding the treasure land like two ferocious lions.

Covering an area of some 400,000 square kilometers, Nagqu is generally referred to as Changtang; the area is high in the west and lies at an elevation of over 4,500 meters and low in the east. The vast region of the central west is basically flat but dotted with hills and numerous lakes, and is crisscrossed by rivers. There are high mountains surrounding the river valleys in the east, which is the farming region of northern Tibet. This area lies at an elevation of from 3,500 to 4,500 meters and also has forest resources and bush pasture, and a climate that is more equitable than that in the central west.

Nagqu falls within the sub-frigid zone and experiences extreme cold, a scarcity of oxygen, dry air and storms. There are no absolutely frost-free periods. Nagqu has an annual average temperature of -0.9oC to -3.3oC, an annual relative humidity of 48-51 percent, an annual precipitation of 380mm, and he sun shines for 2,852.6-2,881.7 hours each year. From November to March the air is dry, the temperature low and the area is exposed to violent sandstorm. From May to September, Nagqu is warm and enjoys good weather. The annual growing season lasts for 100 days, and during this period the area receives 80 percent of its annual precipitation. At this time the grasslands are emerald and grazed by flocks of sheep.

Nagqu Prefectural Administration is located in Nagqu Town which lies at longitude 92o3 'E and latitude 31o27 'N. Nagqu Town is a political, economic, cultural and trading center as well as a transport hub of the Tibet Autonomous Region. It is also the collection and reshipment centre for the region's animal products, mineral ores, and agricultural and forestry products. Bisected by the Xining-Lhasa, Nagqu-Qamdo and Amdo-Shiquanhe Highways, Nagqu Town is the transport hub for northern Tibetan contacts with other parts of the region and other parts of China. All counties (districts) and townships within Nagqu Prefecture are accessible by highways.

Nagqu Prefecture had a population of 330,286, including 326,920 Tibetans (98.98 percent), 3,258 people of the Han ethnic group and 108 of other ethnic groups. It exercises jurisdiction over 10 counties and the Shuanghu Special Administrative Zone, which consist of 145 townships, two towns and two neighborhood committees. The 10 counties inclued Nagqu, Amdo, Nyainrong, Biru, Jiali, Baqen, Sog, Pangkog, Xainza and Nyima.

Climate

Nagqu falls within the sub-frigid zone and experiences extreme cold, a scarcity of oxygen, dry air and storms. There are no absolutely frost-free periods. Nagqu has an annual average temperature of -0.9oC to -3.3oC, an annual relative humidity of 48-51 percent, an annual precipitation of 380mm, and he sun shines for 2,852.6-2,881.7 hours each year. From November to March the air is dry, the temperature low and the area is exposed to violent sandstorm. From May to September, Nagqu is warm and enjoys good weather. The annual growing season lasts for 100 days, and during this period the area receives 80 percent of its annual precipitation. At this time the grasslands are emerald and grazed by flocks of sheep.

Feature

Holy lakes, holy mountains and mysterious no-man lands in western Nagqu combine to attract an endless flow of visitors and worshippers. In the high mountains in eastern Nagqu, there are many naturally formed lava caves that await development.

Tourist services in Nagqu are active along "one tour route composed of five scenic spots," which extends from Nagqu to pangkog, xainza, Nyima and shuanghu. Foreign tourist hotels with good service boast 230 beds. In recent years, there is an increasing number of visitors to the region.

The 7,111-meter Nyainqentanglha is the highest peal in Nagqu, boasting 31 peaks that each exceed 6,000 meters and 11 peaks that surpass 5,000 meters. The North Tibet plateau has an average elevation of over 4,000 meters, hence its nickname. "Roof of the World." For the local herders, everything in the world has its own soul and story. Holy lakes and mountains there, complemented by the mysterious stories about them, make the plateau irresistibly attractive.

Of the many skyscraping peals on the North Tibet Plateau, Sangdainkangsang is very famous. As one of the five highest peaks in all of Tibet, the peak is believed to the peak is the Gangbosangbo, believed to be the powerful protector of Buddhist doctrines. lt is held that she created the peaks and lakes surrounding her.
When viewed from the south, sangdainkangsang resembles a king on his throne; when viewed from the west, the peak looks like a jumping silver lion; from the east, it is a crystal dagoba; and when viewed from the north, the peak impresses viewers as a silver curtain. The peak also changes its dress along with the seasons: it is the color of milk in the summer, silver in the winter, and bright in spring and autumn. The peak is skirted by the Qinghai-Tibet Highway. The Barung Monastery in the Barung Gagyu, one of the four Gagyu sects of Tibetan Buddhism. Every year, there are numerous followers who come for pilgrimage.

Nyainaentanglha is believed by many religious followers to be a Buddhist guardian. lt is also the major deity in the grasslands to the north. followers of the Bon religion and Buddhism hold it to be the place where various Buddhist masters practiced Buddhism. At the foot of Nyainaentanglha is the Nam Co Lake, which, with an elevation of 4,718 meters, covers 1,920 square km. In the shape of a reclining Diamond Tara, the lake has 18 ridges to the south (including the Tortoise Ridge and the peacock Ridge),19 islets to the north (including the Ducklslet and the Roc Islet),and four monasteries surrounding it (including the Zhaxi Dorboche Monastery to the east ,the Gorqoinbaima Monastery to the south, the Dorgyai Monastery to the Chatog Monastery to the north, resembling unhappiness, anger, power and authority).Oh the wall of these monasteries are naturally formed statues of Buddha. Legend has it that Namco is the daughter of the heavenly king and mother of Nyainqentanglha For Buddhist followers this is a must-see. Buddhist followers usually worship the Nam Co Lake in the Tibetan Year of the Sheep, the Kangdese Mountain in the Tibetan Year of the Horse, and the Zari Mountain in the Tibetan Year of the Monkey.

The Dagor Mountain in Nyima County is according to legend, where various deities gather ,and is also the most important of the 360 mountain peaks in Zhangzhong. At its foot is the Tangra Yumco Lake Both the peak and the lake are considered holy by Buddhist worshippers . Connected to the holy lake is Comoin Legyi Wangmoche Lake, named after the deity who is in charge of 180rivers and 180lakes.Resembling a Diamond Club in shape, the lake is surround by mountains from which a stream empties into the lake. Around the lake are four fountains, where pilgrims take a dip when they come to worship the holy lake. They believe that the fountain water will helo them cleanse their illnesses. Tangra Qoinzong to the east is, according to the legend, where the palace of King Limo of the Zhngzhong state was in ancient times. This is also the place where Master Tarmitaige practiced Buddhism. On the cliffs there are many Tibetan letters and palm signs, all naturally formed. Both Dagor and Tangra are Zhangzhong words. In the mountain caves in Dagor and in the caves around the Tangra Yumco Lake are stone gongs, also all naturally formed. The locals refer to the "Kangdese and Mampang Yumco Lake in the upper part, the Dagor Snow Mountain and the Tangra Yumco Lake in the middle part, and the Nyainqentanglha Peak and the Nam Co Lake in the lower part" as the three famous mountains and lades in Tibet. Each year, there are numerous pilgrims who come to take ritual walks around them.

In northern Tibet, there are 370 lakes of various sizes. If the very small ones were counted, they would number in the several thousands. However, only 11 lakes cover areas of over 100 square km, and 121 cover areas of over five square km, Lakes in the area have a combined area of 30,000 square km, making up 81 percent of the total in the entire Tibet Autonomous Region. The lakes supply fish and mineral resources, including salt, alkali and boron. Lush grass growing around the watery places forms pastures that are home to the wildlife. ln north Tibet there are also more than 200 sites promising geothermal water with a high content of mineral elements that produce a highly medicinal effect; this water is good for arthritis, shin diseases, ulcers and bone fractures .Efforts are being made to utilize the mineral water resources for local economic development.

In the peaks in east Nagqu there are many strangely shaped lava caves. One of these is tne Meimo Lava Cave, referred to as "the Mysterious Chamber for the Fairies." Housing many stone ladders, the cave has two man-sized stone pillars standing on both sides of the entrance. Inside the cave are entrance. Inside the cave are numerous sub-caves filled with water drops fall onto the ground, sending sing-song sounds throughout the quiet environment. Ice blocks resemble whatever you think them to be. There is one block resembling three sitting people, referred to as the underworld king and two of his assistants-the black and the white. There are also many naturally formed statues of deities. Further inside are two red and blue lava caves which are comparatively large in size. Strong torches do not work here, so that when in the caves one has to move ahead inch by inch. Local people say there is a cave that extends about 100 km long and another cave that extends over 200 km long.

North Tibet, with an area of over 400,000 square km, teems with scenic and mysterious spots. The over 300,000 people living in this part of the world have created a long-standing culture. They are good at singing, dancing and telling stories, including the long epic about King Gesar.